The Role of Social Networks in Migration: A Case Study of Out-migration from Uttar Pradesh to Mumbai

Ruchi Singh

Abstract


 

Social networks have gained wider relevance in economics and other interdisciplinary sciences in recent era. Various literature and studies have been undertaken to assess the role and impact of social networks on migration. At one side it encourages migration and on other side to some extent it also acts as entry barrier and thus restricts migration if it is based on any caste, creed, religion or region. The literature on role of social network in migration is underexplored as there is dearth of proper data source and is also difficult to evaluate. The present paper thus fills this gap. The paper makes an attempt to assess the applicability of network theory for the analysis of migration from Uttar Pradesh to Mumbai. The paper will unravel existing studies and literature across various disciplines on role of social networks in facilitating migration. To support the objectives and findings from literature, the study carry out a primary survey of 50 auto-rickshaw and taxi drivers at Andheri, Khar East, Chembur Deonar and Jogeshwari in Mumbai. Snowball methodology has been used for sites selection and study is based on primary data. Collected data were tabulated and analyzed with simple statistical tools. Finding of the study is that network positively affects migration decision by reducing transfer costs both in physical and monetary terms. Study by employing exhaustive literature review and field survey found that social networks encourage migration. Migration from eastern Uttar Pradesh to Mumbai is, to a large extent facilitated by social network in case of auto and taxi drivers.


Keywords


Social Network, Transfer Cost, Migration, Mumbai

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alam Rukhsana and Asraful Alam..2013. Socio - Economic Analysis of Van-Rickshaw Puller (Manual) In Rural Areas-A Case Study.2013.Indian Streams Research Journal. 3(11):1-5.

Glitz, Albrecht.2013.Coworker Networks in the Labour Market, IZA Discussion Paper, No. 7392.

Ali M. 2013.Socio-Economic Analysis of Rickshaw Pullers in Urban Centres: A Case study of Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences. 2(1):98-109.

Anjos, C. and Campos. P. 2010. The Role of Social Networks in the Projection of International Migration Flows: An Agent-based Approach.Retrieved 19 March, 2011, from http://www.unece.org/statats/ documents/ece/ces/ge.11/2010/wp.24.e.pdf

Bigsten A. 1998. A Note on the Modelling of Circular Smallholder Migration. Economics Letters.( 28):87-91.

Caliendo, M., R.Schmidl,and Uhlendroff.2011.Social Networks, Job Search Methods and Reservation Wages: Evidence for Germany. International Journal of Manpower 32(7):796-824.

Caria, A. S., & Hassen, I. W. 2013. The Formation of Job Referral Networks. IIFPRI Discussion Paper 01282, Development Strategy and Governance Divsion.

Dekker, R., & Engbersen, G. 2013. How Social Media transform Migrant Networks and facilitate Migration. Global Networks.

De Haas Hein. 2010.Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective. International Migration Review. 44(1):227-264.

Fawcett J.T.1989. Networks, Links and Migration Systems. International Migration Review 23(3):671-80.

Glitz, Albrecht .2013. Coworker Networks in the Labour Market, IZADiscussion Paper, No.

Guilmoto.Z.Christophe and Fredric Sandron. 2001.The Internal Dynamics of Migration in Developing Countries. Popultaion: An English Selection.3(2):135-164.

Haug, Sonja.2008.Migration Networks and Migration Decision-Making. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. 34(4): 585-605.

Krug, G., & Rebien, M. 2012. Network-based Job Search: An Analysis of Monetary and Non-Monetary Labor Market Outcomes for the Low-Status Unemployed. Zeitschrift fur Soziologie, 41(4), 316–333.

Lagerwaard, Pieter. 2012. The Organisation of Migration: Migration Industry and Social Networks in Anand, Gujarat (India). Provincial Globalisation Research Report No.4. Bangalore: National Institute of Advanced Studies and Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research.

Meeteren Masja Van and Sonia Pereira.2013. The Differential Role of Social Networks:Strategies and Routes to Portugal and The Netherlands. Norface Migration Discussion Paper No. 10.

Munshi K. 2003.Netwotks in the Modern Economy: Mexican migrants in US. Labour Market, Quarterly Journal of Economic. 2(118).

Nyberg-Srenson N,Van Hear, Enberg-Pederson, P.2000.The Migration Development Nexus: Evidence and Policy options, Centre for Development Research Study , Migration Development Links: Evidence and Policy Options, Copenhagen:CDR.2000.

Rees, Albert.1966. Information Networks in Labor Market. The American Economic Review.56(1):559-566.

Schmutte, I. 2012. Endogenous Job Referral Networks: Theory and Empirical Applications. Mimeo. University of Georgia.

Tabi A. J. 2009.Does Social Capital determines Poverty? Evidence from Cameroon

Household Survey. Rapport final, CREA, Senegal.

Yogo. Urbain Thierry.2011. Social Network and Job Quality: Evidence from Cameroon. MPRA Paper No. 44936.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.